An interesting read. So you argue that Neitzche's 'higher spirits' infer that values cannot be entirely fictional? I find the idea of the 'honest illusion' an interesting one as you describe it.
Thanks for reading!
Yes, I disagree with Hussain's claim that we can only interpret Nietzsche's 'higher spirits' as engaging in 'honest illusion' when they practice valuing. Their values cannot be entirely fictional, as I see it, because such values would have no grounding in reality.
This is because N's 'higher spirits' are engaging in valuing motivated by the 'Will to Power'. If we look at the way Nietzsche describe the WtP, it appears to be something inherent in all living creatures that drives us. That certainly would be grounded in reality. So whilst Nietzsche's higher spirits are certainly creating values , their creations cannot be just 'honest illusions' because they are based upon something N clearly takes to be very real indeed.
However I must agree that the idea of moral values as an 'honest illusion' is an interesting one, just not for Nietzsche :)